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Student Handbook

The Mission of Clarkston High School is to promote student achievement and ethical behavior in a safe and caring learning community as students become contributing members of a diverse and changing world. 

ADMINISTRATION

Mr. Gary Kaul, Principal
Mr. Josh LaMay, Assistant Principal
Mrs. Amy Quayle, Assistant Principal
Mrs. Nichole Trzasko, Dean of Students
Mr. Shawn Ryan ~ Superintendent 

BOARD OF EDUCATION

Kelli Horst, President
Gregory Need, Vice President
Elizabeth Egan, Treasurer
Steve Hyer, Secretary
Andrea Catalina, Trustee
Stefanie Crane, Trustee
Cheryl McGinnis, Trustee

NON-DISCRIMINATION CLAUSE

In compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and the Americans with Disability Act of 1990, it is the policy of the Clarkston Community School District that no person shall, on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin or ancestry, sex, age, disability, height, weight, or marital status be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination during any program or activity or in employment.  For information, contact the Director of Personnel, 6389 Clarkston Road, POB 1050 Clarkston, MI 48347, (248) 623.5400.  For information regarding ADA, contact the Deputy Superintendent, 6389 Clarkston Road, POB 1050, Clarkston, MI 48347, (248) 623.5400.

MISSION STATEMENT

“Our mission is to cultivate thinkers, learners, and positive contributors to a global society.”                                     

WELCOME STUDENTS

This handbook is designed to give you a better understanding of our school.  It contains policies and guidelines that help CHS operate in a safe and orderly manner and is used as a guide by staff and administration when dealing with academic or disciplinary matters.   Please review and refer to this handbook prior to and during the school year.  It should prove to be a ready reference book containing quick facts on where to go and who to see.  Along with pertinent school facts, you will find federal and state laws that have been adopted as school policy.  Make special note of these, since their consequences are of a nature that will be far reaching in your school career.  Share this information with your parents.

Sincerely,
Gary Kaul, Principal

COUNSELORS

Ms. Shannon Carolin
Mr. Justin Fittonneville
Ms. Julie Krzciok
Mrs. Kimberly McDaniel
Mrs. Nicole Toderan

Sources of Information

Attendance Office:    Attendance, parking, first aid, lockers/combinations,  lost and found, signing in and out of the building
Counseling Office:    College testing, personal issues, selection of classes, armed services, change of address, medications, schedules, social workers, transcripts, work permits
Principal’s Office:    Senior caps/gowns, graduation, class rings, senior  announcements, teacher substitutes

I. Clubs and Extracurricular Activities

A variety of clubs and organizations have been established to offer an extracurricular activity that appeals to every student.  These opportunities give you a chance to explore new interests as well as make new friends.  The existence of a club/activity is based on participation rates and may be discontinued if sufficient numbers are not met.  A Pay to Participate fee will be charged for all clubs/activities. Descriptions of all clubs and activities are available in the Principal’s Office.  For any additional information on clubs, please see Mrs. Quayle. 

Class Sponsors
Class activities include Homecoming events, fund-raising, dances and community projects.  Class elections are held in the spring of each year for the officers and/or class board members.    

  • Senior Class: Mrs. Mohr and Mrs. Sharum    
  • Junior Class: Ms. Allen and Ms. Brock
  • Sophomore Class: Mrs. Grasso and Mrs. O’Rorke    

LEAD Classes
The LEAD l class meets as a class every 4th hour in  room A203.  The LEAD 2 class meets every 4th hour in room A235.  They are responsible for all major school activities.  Please contact any member or advisor if you want to be involved.

Athletics
Clarkston High School has a proud history of both male and female sports.  There is a wide variety of sports offered and your participation is welcome. For specific rules and regulations, visit the Athletics section of our website or contact the Athletic Office for information.

Clarkston High School Sports
CHS students are offered a full range of athletic opportunities.  Most of the
sports listed below have Varsity, JV & Freshman Teams.

  • Baseball            
  • Golf (G & B)          
  • Softball
  • Basketball (G & B)        
  • Hockey                
  • Swim & Dive (G & B)
  • Bowling (G & B)      
  • Football                
  • Lacrosse (G & B) 
  • Cheer            
  • Ski (G & B)            
  • Soccer (G & B) 
  • Track (G & B)        
  • Wrestling                 
  • Cross Country (G&B)    
  • Volleyball (G)        
  • Field Hockey (G)        

Clarkston High School adheres to the Michigan High School Athletic Association eligibility rules.  Specific regulations for each team are available in the Athletic Office and each athlete must sign and abide by an athletic behavior agreement.

Spectator Sportsmanship at Athletic Events
The student body is an essential part of Clarkston’s excellent athletic program.  Therefore, good sportsmanship should be our top goal.  Toward that end, we will adhere to the following guidelines for good sportsmanship:

  • Cheers should be positive and encouraging
  • Cheers and signs which make use of vulgar language or gestures are inappropriate
  • Behavior which baits and degrades other teams, individual players, coaches or school will not be allowed
  • Officials must be treated with respect, regardless of the decisions made
  • Clarkston’s good reputation for sportsmanlike behavior earns the community a great deal of respect and is a school tradition
  • All athletic events both home and away, are school activities and the school code of conduct applies.

II. GENERAL STUDENT INFORMATION

Announcements and Posters: All posters and announcements must be approved and signed by an assistant principal before they are displayed in approved areas of the school only.  It is your responsibility to remove posters when they are no longer needed.

Counseling/Guidance Department Services: The Counseling Department is available to help you develop and relate your abilities and interests to the school and your future.  Feel free to make an appointment with your counselor to discuss any academic or social issues which may arise.

Dances:  Calendar dates for dances are established prior to the start of school according to established policy. The following rules are in effect for all dances:
Students from other schools must be with a CHS student and pre-approved by the dance sponsor or an AP by 3 pm on the day of the dance.

  • Once a person leaves the dance, there will be no re-admittance.
  • Students on suspension or dropped from school will not be admitted.
  • All regular dances end at 10:00 p.m.
  • School regulations apply to all students at the dances.
  • Arrival must be within 15 minutes of the scheduled dance start unless special arrangements have been made with the dance sponsor or a school administrator.
  • Sexually explicit dancing is not permitted.
  • Students will be asked to leave if dressed inappropriately.
  • Prior to attending a dance, all students must sign a contract which states they understand administrative rules and may be asked to leave if they are in violation.

Driving and Parking Regulations: Driving to school is a privilege, not a right.  All cars must be registered and a parking permit purchased prior to driving.  Permits are issued based on criteria set by the school administration.  All school rules and regulations are in effect in the lot, as well as others listed in your parking agreement.  Parking spots are registered to the individual driver and vehicle. 
There is absolutely no sharing of spots between friends or family.  Privileges may be suspended for ticket offenses en route to school/home, on school property, or at school related events.  Failure to park without properly registering your vehicle or purchasing a temporary permit may result in disciplinary action and loss of parking privileges indefinitely. Parking privileges are for juniors and seniors and maybe extended to sophomores if available at CHS.

Field Trip Screening:  Only currently enrolled students are allowed on trips.  Any student who is suspended from school for any reason at the time of the trip cannot participate.  Any discipline or attendance issues, past or present, may prevent a student from participating.

Glass/Plastic/Twist-Off Cap Containers: Glass bottles and pop cans are not to be brought into the building. Anything purchased in the cafeteria must not be removed.  THERE SHOULD BE ABSOLUTELY NO OPEN CONTAINERS AT CHS outside of the cafeteria, other than water. Per the discretion of staff, students may be asked to dispose of any open beverage.

Hall Passes: Any student leaving a classroom during a scheduled class period must have a signed planner from the teacher.  Students without appropriate passes will be required to return directly to their assigned classroom.

Health Information: Illness - Students who become ill must notify the attendance office immediately.  Parents or persons designated on the emergency card will be notified to come and get the student who wishes to go home.  Being in the lavatory “sick” during the class period without the office being informed will be considered an unexcused absence and viewed as skipping class.  When students leave during the day due to an illness, they must have permission and sign out in the Attendance Office.
Immunizations - The school is required by law to have all student immunization records on file.  Students will be sent home until these records are forwarded to CHS.
Insurance and accidents - School insurance is available to all students.  Insurance forms are available in the Principal’s Office.  If you have an accident or an injury at school, report to the teacher in charge who will accompany you to the attendance office.  An accident report will be completed.  If you have insurance, the claim will be forwarded.
Medication - must be left for distribution to the student in the counseling office.  Proper medical authorization is required.

I.D./Smart Cards: I.D. cards will be furnished to all students.  The cards contain a photo of the student as well as a bar code for use in school transactions.  The first card will be provided without charge, but a subsequent card must be purchased for a $5.00 replacement fee.

Lockers: Sophomores are assigned a locker at the beginning of the school year and will keep that locker through their senior year.  Juniors and seniors keep the same locker that were assigned to them as sophomores.  Do not leave money or valuables in hall or gym lockers.  The school does not carry theft insurance in this instance.  Gym lockers and locks are provided for students by the gym instructors.  CHS reserves the right to open lockers without student knowledge if it is suspected that the contents of the locker are illegal in nature or potentially pose a threat.

Lost and Found: All articles found are to be given to the attendance office.  After one week, books will be returned to the shelves.  Any unclaimed clothing will be donated to charity at different times throughout the year.

Learning Commons:  The CHS Learning Commons provides students and staff members with books, online resources, and audiovisual materials that support the school’s curriculum.  The Learning Commons web site directs students to these resources: www.clarkston.k12.mi.us/chs.  Please visit the website or consult with the Media Specialist for specific rules, guidelines and operating procedures.

Parent Classroom Visitation: If a parent wishes to visit a classroom, prior approval is to be arranged with the building principal in accordance with school district policy.  The visit must be of an academic, not punitive, nature.

Sales in School: Student sale of items is strictly prohibited except with prior permission from the principal or designee.

Student Schedule: Following the scheduling process CHS does not make changes to student schedules.  In the event of an error on the schedule, students should see a counselor and receive administrative approval.  Schedule error forms are available in the Counseling office.  See the Curriculum Guide or your counselor for guidelines.

Student Pictures:  Each student MUST have a picture taken for ID purposes.

Student Support Services: All students may take advantage of the following special services offered by the school and Oakland County:

  • Speech Correction    
  • Vision Screening    
  • Special Education
  • Dental Care      
  • Social Worker    
  • Counselors    
  • Youth Assistance Officer    
  • Scoliosis Screening    
  • Learning Resource Center

Information regarding these services is available in Student Services.

Telephones:  Students will not be excused from class to make telephone calls.  Office telephones are used in emergency situations only.  Classroom phones are for staff use only.  The use of cell phones are not permitted during school hours without expressed consent of a staff member.  Failure to obtain permission may result in disciplinary action. 

Textbooks/Materials:  Students will be held responsible for the condition marks of their books/materials.  The following policy will be enforced:
1. Textbook condition will be recorded along with the book number  when the book is issued.  Writing in the book will be noted so the  student is not unfairly charged.  This is the responsibility of the student.
2. The original student number must be in the front of the book and unaltered when it is returned or the student will have to replace the book.
3. Texts which are marked may be considered unacceptable for return. Pencil marks will have to be erased or the student will be required to                
     pay for replacement.
4.  If pages are removed, a student will be required to pay for the book  and/or the cost of rebinding.
5.  Replacement charges are based on the book cost and type of damage.
6.  A record of fines will be kept and debts must be paid prior to receiving new schedules in the fall or in the case of seniors, graduation ceremonies.

Students will not be allowed to utilize parking permits, access technology or check out items from the Learning Commons until all financial obligations are cleared through the Principal’s Office.

Visitors:  Student visitors are not allowed in school without specific purpose and the approval of the principal at least 24 hours in advance.

III.   BEHAVIOR EXPECTATIONS

This section refers to behaviors that are not normally considered illegal but are necessary for a safe and orderly academic environment.  Behaviors that may be considered criminal are found in the Code of Conduct.

Affection:  Inappropriate signs of affection, as determined by the administration, are not appropriate or acceptable at CHS.

Cafeteria: Food is provided at lunch each day in the cafeteria. Beverages and snacks are also available for those students who bring their lunch.  All students are expected to remain at school during lunch and eat in the cafeteria. There is no “open lunch”, as CHS is a closed campus. Food cannot be ordered from an outside business or delivered. Students are expected to clean up after themselves.  Misuse of the facilities or misconduct will result in cafeteria suspension or other consequence.  Food or beverages are not allowed in the halls or classrooms 

Cell Phones/ Electronic Communication, Listening & Storage Devices:
    a. Visible or audible detection of any electronic communication, listening or storage device is prohibited during the school day by CCS policy. Any exception must be approved by the school administration.  If confiscated, devices must be picked up in the office.  Disciplinary measures are as follows:
1st offense:   Confiscation/ student pick-up, Attendance Office
2nd offense:  Confiscation/ parent pick-up, Attendance Office
3rd offense:   Confiscation/progressive discipline, parent pick-up, Attendance Office
    b. The use of any or all devices must be appropriate for school purposes.  Permission to use such items at CHS must be given by the administration and will be approved on a class-by-class basis for academic purposes.  Students may not take, disseminate, share pictures or audio recordings of any member of the CHS learning community without permission from administration.  
    c. Taking, disseminating, transferring or sharing of obscene, pornographic or otherwise illegal images or recordings may constitute a crime and will be reported to law enforcement which may result in arrest, prosecution, and inclusion on sex offender registries.  
The school will take no responsibility for theft, damage or loss of any electronic device.

Closed Campus: Upon arrival students are to be inside the building or in designated areas and may not leave the school campus or go to their vehicles at any time during the day unless they attend OTC or have signed out in the Attendance Office.  Failure to sign out before leaving for any reason will result in an absence.  First violation of the closed campus policy will result in Saturday School--discipline will be progressive for further violations.  
  *Students may NOT be excused to leave campus for lunch.

Dress Code: 
School attire should allow for student to conduct normal life functions.  A student’s choice of clothing should not need to be readjusted when carrying out general daily activities, such as walking, standing, reaching, or bending. 
Provocative clothing and/or grooming that may have a tendency to disrupt the educational environment are prohibited at the discretion of administration.  Students may be required to change their clothes if deemed inappropriate or non-functional. Please note that CHS will not discriminate based on religious observations.  Disciplinary measures are as follows:

1st violation:        discipline warning, clothing change
2nd violation:       discipline warning, clothing change
3rd violation:        2 hour Saturday School, clothing change
4th violation:        4 hour Saturday School, clothing change

1.  Shoes are to be worn at all times.
2.  Shorts and skirts are to be an appropriate length for school ; uncovered undergarments are not allowed.
3.  No hats, bandannas, hoods or similar head coverings may be worn during the
school day without administrative permission. 
4. Pants or shorts must be worn waist level and cover undergarments.
5.  Waists must be covered.  No backless or string back tops.
6.   No references or insignias of tobacco, alcohol, drugs, sexual innuendo,
inappropriate language, or pictures may be worn to school either on
the clothing itself or on buttons or ornaments.  Any clothing determined to be     detrimental to the educational process will not be allowed.
7.  Tank tops, halter tops, spaghetti straps, low cut tops, open backs, muscle shirts, torn pants or clothing are not acceptable.
8.  All personal grooming should be taken care of before entering class.
9.  Sunglasses must be removed in the building.
10. No sharp jewelry, spikes, chains, etc. may be worn or part of any book bag, purse, etc.

Harassment of Students (Anti-harassment Policy):  An environment of mutual respect for the rights of others must prevail if the Clarkston Schools are to fulfill their educational purposes.  Students are encouraged to form, hold, and express their own beliefs and opinions.  However, a student’s exercise of free expression must not interfere with the rights of other students, and all students must be able to learn and grow in an atmosphere which is free from any form of harassment.   
Harassment can be sexual or otherwise in nature.  Please refer to the Code of  Conduct for specific details of this policy.

Restricted Items:  The use of skateboards, shoe skates, scooters or rollerblades, or devices with wheels of any type, may represent a threat to the safety of all students and staff, they are not allowed on campus at any time during or after normal school hours.  

Search and Seizure:  To maintain order and discipline in the schools and to protect the safety and welfare of students and school personnel, school authorities may search a student, student lockers and desks under the circumstances outlined below and may seize any illegal, unauthorized or contraband materials discovered in the search.  Student lockers are school property and remain at all times under the control of the school district; however, students are expected to assume full responsibility for the security of their lockers. Students should not expect privacy regarding items placed in or on school property, including school grounds and parking areas, since school property is subject to search at any time by school officials.  Periodic general inspections of lockers and desks may be conducted by school authorities for any reason at any time without notice, without student consent and without a search warrant. A student’s failure to permit searches and seizures as provided in this policy will be considered grounds for disciplinary action.  A student’s person and/or personal effects (e.g. purse, book bag, athletic bag) may be searched whenever a school official has reasonable suspicion to believe that the student is in possession of illegal or unauthorized materials.  If a properly conducted search yields illegal or contraband materials, such findings shall be given to the proper legal authorities for ultimate disposition.  Administration may periodically use OCSD drug enforcement procedures to search the campus.  This may include, but is not limited to, the use of canine detection during or after the school day.

Trespassing: Suspended or expelled students are not to be on school property, or at school functions, without administrative approval.  Appropriate disciplinary action will be taken. Students may be ticketed by the police for trespassing.

IV. ACADEMIC POLICIES / GRADUATION INFORMATION

Class Status: 22 credits are required for graduation.  Based on credit requirements, please see your counselor for your specific class or grade status.

Assessments/Exams: Teachers will administer final exams, assessments, or final projects that will be counted as a part of your final grade.  Students are expected to attend all final exams at scheduled times.  Any exception to this must be approved by the appropriate administrator.  Make-up exams must be rescheduled through a teacher/administrator.

Grades:  Grades represent the classroom teacher’s measure of the student’s achievement or proficiency in the class.  An incomplete grade will be given only in the case of absence due to extended illness, hospitalization or death in the family.  The student’s work must be completed within two weeks after the close of the marking period; after two weeks the grade will be issued as it stands.

CHS utilizes a percentage based grading scale of 0% to 100% to determine the student’s cumulative grade point average.  
            
Grade Point Average: CHS operates on a weighted 4.0 grading scale. The grade point average (GPA) on your report card and transcript includes all courses taken. If you have enrolled in Advanced Placement courses, equivalent International Baccalaureate courses, or 5th year World Language courses, weighted grade points will be assigned. Please refer to the course descriptions to find which courses are weighted. Only semester grades are used for calculating GPA. GPA values are as follows:
Grading Scale     Grade Point Values       Weighted Grade Point Values:
A     92.5 – 100%     A     4.0    A     5.0
A-    89.5– 92.4%     A-    3.7    A-    4.7
B+   86.5 – 89.4%     B+    3.4    B+    4.4
B     82.5 – 86.4%    B     3.0    B     4.0
B-    79.5– 82.4%     B-     2.7      B-    3.7
C+    76.5 – 79.4%     C+     2.4     C+     3.4
C     72.5 – 76.4%     C    2.0     C     3.0
C-    69.5 – 72.4%     C-    1.7      C-    2.7
D+   66.5 – 69.4%     D+    1.4     D+     2.4
D     62.5 – 66.4%     D     1.0       D     2.0
D-   59.5– 62.4%     D-    0.6     D-    1.6
E     59.4 & Below     E    0.0     E     0.0

Online Grades: Parents can access current student grades via ParentVue. 

Graduation:  Graduation is a privilege, not a right.  To participate in graduation ceremonies, all course requirements must have been successfully completed.  Students with outstanding fines, attendance or discipline issues prior to the ceremony, may not be allowed to participate.
Honors - Students will be recognized for scholarship at graduation according to these designations:
3.8  - 4.0<    Summa Cum Laude
3.5  - 3.799    Magna Cum Laude
3.0  - 3.499    Cum Laude

Requirements:
Residency - Students must spend a minimum of 3-1/2 years in high school.  This applies to those students requesting to graduate in their senior year.  Students must reside within the district boundaries in order to receive a CHS diploma.
Credits - are awarded in grades 9, 10, 11 and 12. Credit may also be earned should a student successfully complete a math, foreign language, or high school standards based equivalent course prior to ninth grade. One credit is earned by successfully completing a full semester course.  A one semester class will yield ½ credit.  All courses are credit courses.

Please see the 2019-2020 CHS Curriculum Guide or your counselor for any questions regarding:

  • the graduation requirements for your class
  • the testing out process
  • academic credit from OTC
  • core curriculum
  • remediation opportunities

Report Cards are available via StudentVue or ParentVue the second week following the end of each semester.  The school year is divided into two reporting periods, eighteen weeks each.

Withdrawals from Class: If a student repeats a course other than performing arts, fine arts, or physical education the student will not receive additional credit, but will receive the higher of the grades for transcript purposes upon request with their counselor. The original grade will remain on the transcript, but will not be included in the GPA calculation.

Withdrawal From School:  Students must contact the Counseling department Records Secretary  if they plan to withdraw from school.  Upon written request from a parent (or student if 18 years of age), records will be forwarded to a receiving school district.
Administrative withdrawal:  Students, age 16 years and older, who are currently passing two or fewer classes may be asked to withdraw from school and re-enroll the following semester.  Recommendation for administrative initiated withdrawal will be reviewed by an administrative team.  Parents will be notified.  The student will receive an “E” on his/her transcript for the classes the student failed. If requested, a hearing will be conducted in which the parent/student may express why the student should not be removed from school.  The decision of the hearing officer will be final.

V. ATTENDANCE POLICIES AND PROCEDURES   
Philosophy:  Regular attendance in all classes prepares students for the world of work and also helps to ensure success in the high school academic program.  Excessive absences are detrimental to overall student success
Disciplinary consequences related to attendance violations will not carry over into a subsequent semester and must be fulfilled in the semester of record. Failure to do so may result in a suspension.
Every effort should be made to make appointments outside of the school day.  Students who need to leave school for an appointment must sign out upon leaving and upon returning in the Attendance Office or face disciplinary and or academic consequences. 
Missing 10 minutes of first hour, and 5 minutes in each of the other hours is considered an absence.  

Policy: CHS students are allotted a maximum of 12 absences per semester.  Absences are excused with proper documentation per CCS bylaws & policies 5200-Attendance.  Exceptions will apply for school related absences. Passes will not be sent during lunch hours or in between classes.

Appeal Process: In the event a student reaches 12 absences in a semester that student will be placed on an attendance contract.  Parents will be informed through their student, and should also monitor attendance on the Student/Parent Vue. At 13 absences, the student may lose credit.  At the end of the semester, students should fill out an appeal form which includes a parent signature and all supporting documentation OMIT.  Families are encouraged to collect medical (or other) documentation to aid in the appeal process.  Administration may contact parents if additional and/or specific documentation is required. Reinstatement or credit will be determined by committee which will take into consideration post contract attendance, behavior, academic progress, etc.  If an appeal is denied, students may still earn credit toward graduation by earning credit for competency.  
    
Tardy is arriving late to class less than 5 minutes (10 minutes during first hour).  Arriving after 5 minutes or more (10+ first hour) will be recorded as an absence. 

Late Arrival / Early Dismissal: Students who arrive to school after 10 minutes into 1st hour beginning must sign in at the Attendance Office to obtain a pass that will admit them into class.  If a student must leave during the school day, a parent /guardian must call the Attendance Office.  A pass will be sent to the student indicating the time to leave the building.  The student must sign out prior to leaving. Requests for multiple and repeated early releases will not be granted.  If returning, the student must sign back in at the Attendance Office.  Failure to do so will result in disciplinary action.

Make-up Work: In general, a student has the same amount of time to make up work as he/she was absent (one day absence equals one day make-up time).  This does not apply to major assignments/assessments which are due on or before the assigned day, regardless of prior absence. If a minor assignment/assessment (less than one week prep time) is due on the day the student is absent, he/she will be expected to turn it in the day of return.  If the student is in the building for part of the day that any assignment is due but is not in the class, the student is expected to turn it into the teacher, otherwise it will be considered late. If a student missed an assessment they may be asked to present documentation in order to reschedule that assessment. It is the student’s responsibility to take the initiative to arrange for make-up work, tests and assignments. Class time may not be used for make-up work.

For a pre-arranged absence, students must: 
Understand that these days count toward 12 total allowed per semester.
Obtain a permission form from the Attendance Office and follow the instructions.

Consequences for Excessive Absences: A student’s course grade will be determined by the achievement of relevant objective criteria including the student’s performance, participation and attendance in class.  The total number of accumulated absences cannot exceed 12 per semester per class.
At 12 absences in a class – the parent(s)/guardian(s) will be notified through their student and the student will be placed on an attendance contract.  If the contract is violated, the student will remain in the class and will have the opportunity to appeal at the end of the semester to have credit reinstated.   In the event of failure (receiving an “E” letter grade) students may still earn credit toward graduation by receiving credit for competency in the course (receiving an “F” letter grade).
                
Consequences of Excessive Tardies: Promptness to class is expected.  Students who exhibit excessive tardies will be subject to disciplinary action from administration.
At 1-6 tardies – teacher will administer discipline.
At 9 tardies – administration will assign disciplinary consequences/intervention.
At 12 tardies – administration will assign disciplinary consequences/intervention.

Loss of parking: Students are at risk of losing parking privileges due to poor behavior, attendance, and/or excessive tardies, and closed campus violations including lunch hours and lag times.
At 6 tardies – 1 week loss of driving privileges.
At 9 tardies – 2 week loss of driving privileges and Saturday school.
At 12 tardies – loss of parking on an indefinite basis and possible suspension. 
At 15 tardies – permanent loss of driving privileges for the current school year. 

College Visitation: Clarkston High School encourages students to visit colleges/universities.  It is best to visit during CHS breaks and vacations.  Visit the Attendance or Counseling Office to obtain the appropriate forms and signatures to have the college visit exempt from the attendance policy.  The form and proof of visit must be turned in to the Attendance Office within 2 days of your return to school. 11th and 12th grade students are allowed three (3) college visits per year.  

Service-Related Examination Absences for a School-Related Absence:  Armed Services related absences due to mandatory testing will not count as a school-related absence if the student obtains a service-related absence form from the Attendance Office or counselor prior to testing.  This form must be completed and signed by the recruiter and the parent/guardian, then returned to the Attendance Office within 24 hours of examination date.

Special Education Attendance: Special Education students will be generally expected to meet the same attendance rules as all other students.  Any 
modifications to the regular attendance policy will be made through the IEP.

VI.  ALTERNATIVE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

Alternative Education (Renaissance High School):  This program is designed for students in grades 9-12 who are not enrolled in a regular day time high school.  Students are expected to complete the same requirements as regular day time high school students.  Call (623.8060).

Michigan Virtual High School:  Students who are in need of additional credit may take online classes through Michigan Virtual High School.  Online course work must be approved by the building principal.  Students must obtain the signature of a faculty member willing to act as their on-site mentor.  Students will be limited to 2.0 credits of on-line course work on their transcript.  Interested students should see their counselor for guidelines and an application.  

Summer School:  Questions regarding summer school should be directed to the high school student services department (248) 623-4321.

Oakland Technical Center NW Campus:  There are many quality programs available to Clarkston High School students at the Oakland Technical Center NW Campus.  Please contact your counselor or call OTC (922-5800) for additional information.

CSMTech/DEEP/ACE/IB:  See your counselor for information and an application.

VII. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Fire:  All teachers have been given specific instructions for students during fire drills and each classroom has instructions posted.
1.  Rooms are automatically dismissed at the first sound of the alarm.
2.  Walk briskly to your designated exit.  Do not run or congest the halls.
3.  Go at least 100 feet from the exit.
4.  Do not re-enter the building until the “all clear” signal is sounded.
5.  Proceed to the last row of the parking lot if you exit the front of the building.
Tornado:  Warnings about tornadoes are flashed to a radio monitor at the bus garage.  School personnel will be informed and a watch will be stationed.  Students will be directed to take cover.  Please follow the directions of your 
teachers to enter areas where support structures are most suitable.  Generally, this area will be in the hallways where glass is not located.  Whenever the 
tornado alert sounds, the precautions listed below should be followed:
Quiet is maintained so messages can be heard.
Pull down window shades over the windows.
Sit on the floor as close to the wall as possible.  Keep your face away from glass and keep doorways clear.
Students will not be dismissed until the tornado alert is over.
Inclement Weather: If CHS is closed due to inclement weather, refer to CCS website and/or listen to the following television and radio stations for school information: Television:  Ch. 2,  WJBK; Ch. 4, WDIV; Ch. 7,  WXYZ
Radio: 760 AM, WJR; 950 AM, WWJ; 95 FM, WKQI

If school is closed during scheduled exam days, CHS will follow the schedule for the exam days which were missed when we return to school, starting with the first missed exam day.


VIII. CODE OF CONDUCT

In accordance with the provisions of law, the Board of Education has set forth in this Student Code of Conduct the rules governing the most serious and obvious types of student misconduct. The prohibited acts listed in this Student Code of Conduct are not to be construed as an all-inclusive list as a limitation upon the authority of school officials to deal appropriately with violations of a school, buildings, individual rules and regulations, or other types of conduct which interfere with the good order of the school system, the proper functioning of the educational process, or the health and safety of students.
The Student Code of Conduct does not cover the School Districts attendance and tardiness policies, the Districts requirements for credit and graduation, or the Districts authority to regulate the participation of students in extracurricular and athletic activities. A decision to expel or suspend a student from participating in extra-curricular and athletic events is solely within the discretion of the Superintendent of Schools, or his/her designee and is outlined in the Athletic Code of Conduct.
Each prohibited act listed in the Student Code of Conduct sets forth the discipline which will be imposed for a violation. The discipline for violating some prohibited acts ranges from administrative intervention to expulsion; for other prohibited acts, the penalty ranges from suspension to expulsion; and for violation of the most serious prohibited acts, the penalty is expulsion. In cases where the stated penalty is not expulsion but is set forth in terms of a range, then the actual penalty imposed will depend upon the nature and severity of the offense, the age of the student, the students prior behavioral records, the recommendation
of school personnel, and all other circumstances deemed relevant.
In accordance with the Boards authority under law, a student violating any of the prohibited acts listed in this Student Code of Conduct shall be deemed to be guilty of a gross misdemeanor and will be disciplined.
The prohibited acts and penalties listed in this Student Code of Conduct are applicable when a student:
1. engages in a prohibited act on school property;
2. engages in a prohibited act in a motor vehicle being used for a school related activity;
3. engages in a prohibited act involving another student who is en route to school;
4. engages in a prohibited act which has its inception in school, is school connected or adversely affects, interferes with, or endangers the good order of the school system, or the proper functioning of the educational process or the health or safety of students. For example, the sale, delivery or transfer of drugs, narcotic drugs, marijuana or other controlled substances to students off school property would be a violation of the Student Code of Conduct;
5. engages in a prohibited act when the student was not enrolled in the Clarkston Community Schools or was enrolled in another school district, if the act of gross misdemeanor or other misconduct would constitute a sufficient basis for suspension or expulsion had it occurred while the student was attending the Clarkston Community Schools (see Article IV of this Code of Conduct).

DEFINITIONS OF DISCIPLINE

1. Administrative Intervention - Disciplinary action which does not result in a student being suspended from school. Administrative intervention may include such disciplinary measures as: the removal of a student from a class period, a reprimand, detention and/or work assignment before or after school, additional classroom assignments, revocation of the privilege of attending non-classroom school functions, activities, events, etc.
2. Suspension - Exclusion of a student from school for a specific period of time or exclusion of a student from school which exclusion terminates upon the fulfillment of a specific set of conditions.
3. Expulsion means either the permanent exclusion or such other exclusion defined by law as an expulsion of the student from the school system upon the recommendation of Superintendent of Schools and by action of the School Board.
4. Snap Suspension - Teachers are authorized to suspend a student for up to one (1) day from a class or activity for misconduct resulting in the serious disruption of the class/activity. (MCL 380.1309(1)(2)

PROHIBITED ACTS

1. Arson
A student shall not burn, or attempt to burn, any school building, structure or property or intentionally set, or attempt to set a fire on school property, or cause or attempt to cause an explosion, or be in possession of materials which may be used in the aforementioned activities. 
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
2. Bullying
Please refer to the definition under the Harassment Policy at #16
3. Cell Phones/Electronic Devices
A student shall not use a cell phone or an electronic communication device in school without prior approval from a building administrator. Please refer to student handbook and board policy 5136 for specific school guidelines.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
3. Coercion, Extortion, or Blackmail
A student shall not commit or attempt to commit extortion, coercion or blackmail. A student shall not engage in the act of securing or attempting to secure money or other items of value from an unwilling person, nor shall a student, by threats and/or violence, force another person to perform an unwilling act. 
Penalty -  Administrative intervention to expulsion
4. Copyrighted Material
A student shall not unlawfully duplicate, reproduce, retain or use copyrighted material. 
 Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
5. Criminal Acts
A student shall not commit or participate in any conduct or act defined as a crime by Federal or State law or local ordinance.
 Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
6. Disruption of School
A student shall not, by any type of conduct (violence, force, noise, coercion, threat, intimidation, fear, passive resistance, etc.), cause the disruption, disturbance, or obstruction of any School District function, activity or event, nor shall he or she engage in any such conduct if such disruption or obstruction is reasonably likely to result. Neither shall a student urge other students to engage in such conduct for the purpose of causing such disruption or obstruction. While the following acts are not intended to be exclusive, they illustrate the kinds of offenses encompassed within this rule, but it must be remembered that any conduct which causes disruption, or interferes with the education process, is forbidden.
a. Occupying any school building, school grounds, or part thereof, without the permission of a school building staff member which deprives others of its use;
b. Blocking normal pedestrian or vehicle traffic, entrances or exits of any school building or corridor or room, without the permission of a school building staff member;
c. Preventing, attempting to prevent, or interfering with, the convening or continued functioning of any class, activity, meeting or assembly;
d. Instigating or participating in a disturbance, or causing a disturbance which interrupts the educational opportunities of others or threatens the general health, safety and welfare of others on school property or at a school sponsored activity.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
7. Dress
A student shall not dress or groom in a manner which, in the judgment of a building administrator, is unsafe to the student or others or disruptive to the educational process. Specific guidelines for appropriate student dress are included in building student handbooks. 
Penalty - Administrative intervention to suspension
8. Failure to Comply With Directions of School Personnel
A student shall not be insubordinate or fail to comply with district policies or instructions and directions of District employees (including substitute teachers and student teachers), volunteers or persons acting in a chaperone or supervisory capacity. Students who persistently violate school policy may receive disciplinary action.  
Penalty -  Administrative intervention to expulsion.
9. Failure to Cooperate
A student shall not refuse to cooperate with School District administrators and/or teaching staff investigating a possible violation of this Code of Conduct and/or building rules, and no student shall make false statements or give false evidence to School District administrators and/or teaching staff. A student shall not refuse to testify or otherwise cooperate with School District personnel in any disciplinary
proceeding. 
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
10. False Allegations
A student shall not libel or slander, or make false allegations against another student, School District employee (including substitute and student teachers), Board of Education members or volunteers.  
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
11. False Alarms
A student shall not knowingly cause a false fire alarm, or make a false fire, bomb or catastrophe report. 
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
12. Falsification of Records
A student shall not use the name of another person or falsify times, dates, grades, addresses or other data on School District forms or records. A student shall not provide false, misleading or inaccurate statements or information on School District forms or records.  
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
13. Fighting
An unplanned physical altercation resulting in pushing, shoving, or exchanging of blows between students will not be tolerated.  
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
14. Fireworks, Explosives, Chemical Substances
A student shall not possess, handle or transmit any substance or prepared chemical that can explode, is capable of inflicting bodily injury, or is reasonably likely to cause physical discomfort to another person. 
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
15. Gang Insignia/Activity
A student shall not wear or possess any clothing, jewelry, symbol or other object that may reasonably be perceived by a teacher or administrator as evidence of membership in or affiliation with any gang; a student shall not commit any act, verbal or non-verbal (gestures, handshakes, graffiti, etc.), that may reasonably be
perceived by a teacher or administrator as evidence of membership in or affiliation with any gang; a student shall not commit any act, verbal or non-verbal in furtherance of the interests of any gang or gang activity, including, but not limited to, (a) soliciting others for membership in any gang or gang related activity, (b) requesting any person to pay protection or otherwise intimidating or threatening any person, committing any other illegal act or violation of School District rules or policies, or (d) inciting other students to act with physical violence on any person. The term “gang” as used in this policy, means a group of two (2) or more persons whose purposes or activities include the commission of illegal acts or violations of this Code of Conduct, District rules or policies, or whose purpose or activities cause disruption or is likely to cause disruption to the educational process. 
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
16. Harassment / Bullying – (Refer to District Board Policy 5571.01)
e. Any threatening, insulting, or dehumanizing gesture. Verbal, physical, electronic or written harassment for the purposes of this policy shall be defined as behavior that: Intimidates individuals or groups on any basis including race, color, national origin, sex (including sexual orientation and transgender identity), disability, age, religion, height, weight, marital or family status, military status, ancestry, or genetic information (collectively, “Protected Classes”) Involves an expressed or implied threat to personal safety has the effect of interfering with an
Individual’s participation in the curricular or extracurricular activities of the school district Bullies or hazes another student or teammate. (See district policy 5517.01) Is disruptive to the educational process that may have originated in or outside of school, on or off campus.
Penalty – Administrative intervention to expulsion
f. Sexual harassment for the purposes of this policy consists of unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, sexually motivated physical conduct or other verbal or physical conduct or communication of a sexual nature that is severe or pervasive enough to create a hostile or intimidating school environment.  Sexual harassment may involve the behavior of a person of either gender against a person of the same or opposite gender. Examples of prohibited behavior that is sexual in nature and is unsolicited and unwelcome include, but are not limited to: Written contact: sexually suggestive or obscene letters, notes, invitations, drawings, verbal contact; sexually suggestive or obscene comments, threats, jokes, any sexual propositions, comments about a person’s body or sexual characteristics that are used in a negative or embarrassing way.  Physical contact: any intentional pats, squeezes, touching, pinching, repeatedly brushing up against another’s body, assault, blocking movement, or coercing sexual intercourse. Visual contact, suggestive looks or staring at another’s body, gesturing, displaying sexually suggestive objects or pictures, cartoons, posters, magazines, graffiti, calendars or clothing.
A student who feels he/she is being harassed by peers or by a staff member of the Clarkston Schools, or is aware of the harassment of another student(s), shall report such incidents to a building administrator, counselor, teacher, school psychologist, school social worker, teacher aide, etc.  The staff member receiving a student’s report, a parent’s report or observing an incident of alleged harassment is expected to examine the circumstances surrounding the alleged incident. If the receiving staff determines that harassment has occurred, they will take steps to end the harassment..  In the event that the magnitude of the incident(s) warrants further follow-up measures, staff/faculty members will report charges of harassment to the building principal or his/her designee.  The building
principal or his/her designee will initiate a further investigation of the harassment charges and implement follow-up measures that he/she believes are appropriate. Should the investigation of the harassment incident(s) reveal that disciplinary action is warranted, it will be taken in accordance with the policies and procedures adopted by the Board of Education.
Penalty – Administrative intervention to expulsion
17. Indecency
A student shall not engage in conduct that is contrary to commonly recognized standards of decency and behavior, which includes obscenity, indecent exposure, or the use of language in verbal or written form, or in pictures, or in caricatures or gestures, which are offensive to the general standards of propriety.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
18. Insults/Verbal Abuse/Intimidation/Improper Communication
Students are expected to treat each other in a respectful manner. Engaging in any type of verbal abuse will not be tolerated. A student shall not make threatening, annoying, nuisance, vulgar and/or obscene communications, verbally, in writing, or by gestures, to School District employees (including substitute and student teachers), Board of Education members, chaperons, volunteers or visitors to the school building.
Penalty– Administrative Intervention to expulsion
19. Personal Protection Devices
A student shall not possess, handle or transmit a personal protection device (e.g., pepper spray, mace, stun gun, electric shock device, etc.) capable of inflicting bodily injury or causing physical discomfort to another person.
Penalty – Administrative intervention to expulsion
20. Physical Assault
A student shall not physically assault another student, a person employed by or engaged as a volunteer or contractor of the school (including substitute and student teachers). Physical Assault is defined as intentionally causing or attempting to cause harm to another through force or violence.
Penalty Administrative intervention to expulsion
21. Scholastic Dishonesty – Plagiarism, Uttering and Publishing
A student shall not engage in academic cheating. Cheating includes, but is not limited to, the actual giving or receiving of any unauthorized aid or assistance or the actual giving or receiving of unfair advantage on any form of academic work. A student shall not engage in plagiarism, which includes the copying of language, structure, ideas and/or thoughts of another and represent it as one's own original work. 
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
22. Smoking/Tobacco/Vaping
A student shall not vape, smoke, chew, or otherwise use tobacco, nicotine products or a “look alike” product. A student shall not, while on District property or in proximity of campus, in District owned vehicles, and at District-related events have in his/her possession or under his/her control tobacco in any form, or
paraphernalia related to its use.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
23. Substance Possession/Use/Handling
Substances/Items covered:
Alcoholic beverages or intoxicants, including, but not limited to glue, aerosol paint, lighter fluid, reproduction fluid or other chemical substance for the purpose of becoming intoxicated or under the influence.
Any drug, narcotic drug, marijuana, hallucinogen, stimulant, depressant and/or other controlled substance, or controlled substance analogue whether or not intended for human consumption, and as defined in Article VII of the Public Health Code, being MCL 33.7101, et seq., and as defined in other
Michigan or Federal Statute. If Article VII of the Public Health Code, being MCL 33.7101, et seq., is amended or repealed, then the definition of a drug, narcotic drug, and controlled substance or controlled substance analogue not otherwise defined herein shall be defined under the existing State Law.
Any prescription or nonprescription drug, medicine, vitamin or chemical substance (e.g. cannabinoid based products, pain relievers, stimulants, diet pills, pep pills, No-Doze pills, cough medicines, laxatives, stomach or digestive  remedies,, or other medications). Any legal substance represented as an illegal or controlled substance, e.g. No-Doze as “speed” or “crack.”
Any paraphernalia for the purpose of possessing or using substances covered or items used as such is prohibited, unless otherwise permitted by law and/or the District.
If a medical drug test or alcohol test is offered and refused, it will be assumed that the student is under the influence and/or using a controlled substance. If accepted, the results of a test administered by a medical professional or law enforcement officer must be shared with the school administration, in document form, by the end of the business day. Any disciplinary decision will stand unless proof of a negative drug test is provided.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
24. Suspended Student on School Property or Attending School Activities
A student, while on suspension, shall not enter onto School District property without the permission of a building administrator. A student, while on suspension, shall not participate in, or attend any school related activity, function or event, held on or off school property, without permission of a building administrator.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
25. Theft, Possession of Stolen Property or Damage of Property
A student shall not intentionally cause or attempt to cause damage to school property or the property of another person, or steal, or attempt to steal, or knowingly be in the unauthorized possession of school property or the property of another person.
Penalty– Administrative intervention to expulsion
26. Threats
Students making bomb threats, false alarms, or “similar threats” that place or that are perceived as placing the safety of one or more persons or of property at risk, will not be tolerated.
Penalty – Administrative intervention to expulsion
27. Trespass, Loitering
A student shall not be on school property or in a school building except to participate in the educational process of the School District, nor shall a student loiter in building hallways, classrooms, bathrooms, or other areas of the building or grounds.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
28. Truancy from School
A student shall not leave the school campus without following the proper check out procedure or without permission
Penalty- Administrative intervention to expulsion
29. Verbal Assault
Verbal Assault at school directed against school employees, volunteers, contractors or other authorized personnel or students will not be tolerated. Verbal assault is to be considered any communication or behavior that, by its nature, poses a serious threat to the safety or well -being of others.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
30. Violations of Buildings Rules and Regulations
A student shall not commit or participate in any conduct or act prohibited by a school buildings rules and regulations.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion
31. Weapons and Dangerous Instruments
A student shall not possess, handle or transmit a gun, knife, blackjack, brass knuckles, baton, martial arts device, paintball gun, air-soft gun or other object or instrument that can be considered or used as a weapon or is capable of inflicting bodily injury.
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion subject to the provisions of M.C.L. 380.1310d and
380.1311.
32. Weapons – Look-A-Like
A student shall not possess, handle, or transmit any object or instrument that is a “look-a-like” weapon or instrument (e.g., starter pistol, rubber knives, toy gun, etc.).
Penalty - Administrative intervention to expulsion subject to the provisions of M.C.L. 380.1310d and 380.1311.

DUE PROCESS PROCEDURES

1. Introduction to the Rules of Due Process
The following due process procedures only govern the suspension or expulsion of a student from the District’s regular educational program. Discipline in the form of administrative intervention is solely within the discretion of the building principal or his/her designee and is not subject to the procedures of due process as provided in this Student Code of Conduct. If a student charged with violation of this Code of Conduct has been returned to the regular school program pending a decision by either the building administrator, hearing officer, Superintendent of Schools, or the Board, then such action of reinstatement shall not limit or prejudice the Districts right to suspend or expel the student following a decision by the building administrator, hearing officer, Superintendent of Schools, or Board. The initial judgement that a student has engaged in a prohibited act under this Student Code of Conduct shall be made by the building administrator.
2. The Role of Restorative Practices in Suspension and Expulsion
The Board or its designee shall consider using restorative practices as an alternative or in addition to suspension or expulsion. “Restorative practices” means practices that emphasize repairing the harm to the victim and the school community caused by a student’s misconduct. Restorative practices may include victim- offender conferences that:
1. Are initiated by the victim;
2. Are approved by the victims parent or legal guardian or, if the victim is at least fifteen years old, by the victim;
3. Are attended voluntarily by the victim, a victim advocate, the offender, members of the school community, and supporters of the victim and the offender 
4. Would provide an opportunity for the offender to accept responsibility for the harm caused to those affected, and to participate in setting consequences to repair the harm, such as requiring the student to apologize; participate in community service, restoration of emotional or material losses, or counseling; pay restitution; or any combination of these.
5. May result in an agreement signed by all participants which includes selected consequences and time limits for their completion.  Generally, restorative practices will be given first consideration to remediate offenses such as interpersonal conflicts, bullying, verbal and physical conflicts, theft, damage to property, class disruption and harassment and cyberbullying.
3. Before suspending or expelling a pupil for:
Committing a physical assault against another pupil at school (as defined by MCL 380.1310)
Committing a gross misdemeanor (as defined by MCL 380.1311(1))
Possession of a dangerous weapon, committing criminal sexual conduct on school grounds, or committing arson on school grounds (as defined by MCL 380.1311(2))
Committing an assault against an employee, volunteer, or contractor (as defined by MCL
380.1311a)
The Board or its designee, as applicable, shall consider each of the following factors:
1. The pupil’s age.
2. The pupil’s disciplinary history.
3. Whether the pupil is a student with a disability.
4. The seriousness of the violation or behavior committed by the pupil.
5. Whether the violation or behavior committed by the pupil threatened the safety of any other pupil or staff member.
6. Whether restorative practices will be used to address the violation or behavior committed by the student.
7. Whether a lesser intervention would properly address the violation or behavior committed by the pupil.
The method used for consideration of these factors is at the sole discretion of the Board or its designee. In exercising discretion with regard to a suspension of more than 10 days or expulsion, there is a rebuttable presumption that a suspension or expulsion is not justified unless the Board or its applicable designee can demonstrate that it considered each of the factors listed above. Accordingly, in such cases, the Board or its applicable designee shall make a written record of its consideration of each of the factors listed above.
4. Mitigating Factors Related to Possession of a Dangerous Weapon, Including a Firearm, in a Weapon Free School Zone
The Board or its designee shall expel any student who possesses a firearm in a weapon-free school zone in violation of state law, unless the student can establish mitigating factors by clear and convincing factors. The Board or its designee may, but is not required to, expel a student for possession of a dangerous weapon, including a firearm, in the student can establish in a clear and convincing manner one of the following mitigating factors to the satisfaction of the Board or its designee:
(a) The object or instrument was not possessed for use as a weapon, or for direct or indirect delivery to another person for use as a weapon;
(b) The weapon was not knowingly possessed;
(c) The student did not know (or have reason to know) that the object or instrument in his/her possession constituted a dangerous weapon; or
(d) The weapon was possessed at the suggestion, request, direction of, or with the express permission of school or police authorities.
There is a rebuttable presumption that expulsion for possessing the weapon is not justified if (1) the Board or its designee determines in writing that the student establishes at least one of the four mitigation factors listed above
by clear and convincing evidence, and (2) the student has no prior history of suspension or expulsion. 
5. Suspension of Ten (10) School Days or Less
a. As a general rule, prior to any suspension of the student, the building administrator shall investigate the alleged violation of the Student Code of Conduct and provide the student with the following due process:
1. The administrator shall inform the student of the charges against him/her, and if the student denies the charges, the administrator shall provide the student with an explanation of the evidence the administrator possesses.
2. The student shall be provided an opportunity to explain to the administrator his/her version of the facts. If a students presence in school poses an immediate danger to persons or property or an ongoing threat of disruption to the education process, the building administrator may immediately suspend the student, but the next school day, the student shall be provided with his/her due process rights as set forth in subparagraphs above. If after providing the student with his/her due process rights, the administrator determines that the student has engaged in a prohibited act under this Student Code of Conduct, then he/she may impose a
disciplinary penalty of a suspension not to exceed ten (10) school days. Any disciplinary suspension over five (5) school days, but less than eleven (11) school days, must have the prior approval of the Deputy Superintendent.  The building administrator, or his/her designee, shall directly inform (in person or by phone) the student’s parent of the suspension, giving the parent a clear explanation of the reasons and conditions of the suspension. A District &quot;Student Suspension Notice; is to be completed, with copies going to the parent and the student’s file.  A building administrator’s decision to impose a penalty of five (5) or less school days, or six (6) to ten (10) school days with prior approval of the Deputy Superintendent, is final and not subject to further review or appeal.
3. Suspension for Eleven (11) or More School Days and Expulsion
a. Step One If, after his/her investigation, the building administrator decides that a suspension for eleven (11) or more school days or expulsion is warranted, the Superintendent of Schools or his/her designee agrees with the administrators decision, the student and the parent(s) or guardian shall be notified of:
1) the charges against the student;
2) the recommended disciplinary action;
3) the fact that a hearing will be held before the hearing officer;
4) the time, place, location, and procedures to be followed at the hearing;
5) the right to appeal any adverse decision of the hearing officer if the hearing officer recommends a suspension for more than thirty (30) school days or if the hearing officer recommends expulsion. If the building administrator decides that the students presence in school would present a danger to the student himself/herself, or to other students, school personnel, or the education process, then the student shall be suspended pending the decision of the hearing officer. If the student would not present a danger as described above, the student may be returned to school pending the decision of the hearing officer. If the student is suspended pending a decision of the hearing officer, the Superintendent or designee shall appoint the hearing officer and schedule a hearing to commence within ten (10) school days following the initial suspension of the student. If the student is not suspended pending the decision of the hearing officer, the Superintendent or designee shall schedule a hearing to commence within
fifteen (15) school days following the completion of the building principal’s investigation of the charges. The timelines for commencement of the hearing may be enlarged upon the request of the administrator, student, parent(s), or guardian for cause approved by the hearing officer. In exercising discretion with regard to a suspension of more than 10 days or expulsion, there is a
rebuttable presumption that a suspension or expulsion is not justified unless the Board or its applicable designee can demonstrate that it considered each of the factors listed above under Paragraph 3.
b. Step Two A hearing before the hearing officer will be held for the purpose of determining the truth or falsity of the charges against the student and, if the charges are true, the appropriate disciplinary measure unless:
The student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian notify the District that they waive their right to a hearing before a hearing officer. In such cases, the principals recommended disciplinary penalty shall be imposed. Provided, however, if the recommended penalty is expulsion, the Board will nevertheless, make the final decision on expulsion, but the decision will be based upon information submitted to it. The hearing officer may amend the principal;s charges upon motion of the building administrator or amend the charges upon his/her own motion to conform to the evidence presented at the hearing. Additionally, the hearing officer may impose a greater or lesser penalty than that imposed or recommended by the building administrator. 
c. Step Three - The hearing officer’s decision shall be given orally to the student and parent(s) or guardian within two (2) business days after the close of the hearing and a written decision shall be mailed no later than four (4) business days after the close of the hearing. These timelines, however, may be enlarged by the hearing officer due to extenuating circumstances. If the hearing officer’s decision imposes a suspension of thirty (30) school days or less, then the decision of the hearing officer shall be final and not subject to further appeal. If the hearing officer’s decision imposes a suspension in excess of thirty (30) school days or recommends expulsion, the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian may appeal the hearing officer’s decision to the Board.
d. Step Four - If an appeal of the hearing officer’s decision is going to be made to the Board, the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian must file the appeal in writing with the Superintendent of Schools within five (5) calendar days, excluding weekends, following receipt of the hearing officer’s written
decision. If a timely appeal is not made, then the decision of the hearing officer regarding suspension shall be final and not subject to further appeal. If the hearing officer’s decision recommends expulsion and a timely appeal is not made, the Board will nevertheless make the final decision on expulsion, but the decision will be based upon information submitted to it by appropriate school officials.  Upon receipt of a timely appeal by the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian, the Superintendent, or his/her designee, shall notify the student and parent(s) or guardian of the time, place, location, and procedures to be followed at a Board hearing. The Superintendent or his/her designee shall determine,
based upon the record and decision of the hearing officer, whether the student should be suspended pending the decision of the Board.  Upon a timely appeal, the Board shall consider the decision and record made before the hearing officer
and shall provide for a meeting to take place for the purpose of allowing the administration and the student, parent(s) or guardian to present oral argument in support of, or in opposition to, the hearing officer’s decision. The Board may permit the administration or student, parent(s) or guardian to introduce in the appeal meeting newly discovered material evidence which could not, with reasonable diligence, have been discovered and presented at the hearing before the hearing officer.  The Board, no later than at its next regular public meeting following the meeting with the student, parent(s) or guardian, shall make a decision and shall, not later than , seven (7) business days following the public meeting, mail to the student, parent(s) or guardian a written notice of the decision.

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

1. Voluntary Agreements of Discipline
At any time during the disciplinary proceedings, the Superintendent or his/her designee may enter into a written contract with the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian setting forth the parties; agreement in settlement of the disciplinary charges. In such cases, the written agreement shall be final and binding and may not be later challenged by the Superintendent or his/her designee or the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian.
2. Suspended/Expelled Students on School Property or Attending School Activities
A suspended or expelled student who enters onto school property without the permission of a building administrator shall be deemed to be trespassing.
3. Students with disabilities
Although students with disabilities are covered by the provisions of this Student Code of Conduct, the time limitations set forth in the due process procedures may be temporarily suspended or enlarged by the District to assure compliance with federal and state laws governing the discipline of students with disabilities.

MISCONDUCT PRIOR TO ENROLLMENT

1. Suspension/Expulsion
In order to protect the health and safety of students and employees and to prevent threatened disruption to the education process, an otherwise eligible resident student may be suspended or expelled on the basis of:
a. A prior act of misconduct committed outside of school hours and/or off school premises when the student was not enrolled in the Clarkston Community Schools.
b. A prior act constituting a gross misdemeanor, and other acts of misconduct, while the student was enrolled in another district.  If the act of gross misdemeanor or other misconduct would constitute a sufficient basis for suspension or expulsion had it occurred while the student was attending the Clarkston Community Schools. The Board or its designee, as applicable, shall consider using restorative practices as an alternative or in addition to suspension
or expulsion in accordance with the Due Process procedures described herein.
2. Due Process Procedure
a. Step One - The building administrator, with the consent of the Superintendent of Schools, or his/her designee, shall make the initial judgement if a student’s prior misconduct is of sufficient gravity that the student’s presence in school would represent a threat to the health and safety of other students and/or
school personnel or threaten disruption to the educational process. If the initial judgement is that the student’s presence in school represents such a threat, the student shall be temporarily suspended from school and the student and the parent(s) or guardian shall be notified of:
1) the prior act of misconduct relied upon by the building administrator which forms the basis for his/her decision to deny attendance;
2) the building administrator’s recommendation regarding the suspension or expulsion of the student;
3) the fact that a hearing will be held before an impartial school employee (i.e., hearing officer);
4) the time, place, location and procedures to be followed at the hearing;
5) the right to appeal any adverse decision of the hearing officer if a suspension is for more than thirty (30) school days or if the hearing officer recommends expulsion.
The student and/or his/her parent(s) / guardian may waive their right to a hearing before the hearing officer. In such cases, the principal(s) recommended disciplinary penalty of suspension or expulsion, as the case may be, shall be imposed.
b. Step Two - If the due process hearing is not waived, the hearing officer shall convene a hearing for the purpose of determining if the student’s prior act of misconduct is an act of gross misdemeanor or other misconduct which would constitute a sufficient basis for suspension or expulsion had it occurred while
the student was attending the Clarkston Community Schools. If the prior act would be of sufficient basis, and the student’s presence in school would represent a threat to the health and safety of other students and/or school personnel or threaten a disruption to the educational process, then the hearing officer shall decide the appropriate disciplinary penalty.  The hearing officer may amend the principal’s charges upon motion of the building administrator or
amend the charges upon its own motion to conform to the evidence presented at the hearing.  Additionally, the hearing officer may impose a greater or lesser penalty than that recommended by the building administrator.  The hearing officer’s decision shall be given orally to the student and parent(s) or guardian not later than two (2) business days after the close of the hearing, if possible, and a written decision shall be mailed no later than four (4) business days after the close of the hearing. If the hearing officer’s decision imposes a suspension of thirty (30) school days or less, then the decision of the hearing officer shall be
final and not subject to further appeal. However, if the hearing officer’s decision imposes a suspension in excess of thirty (30) school days or recommends expulsion, the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian may appeal the hearing officer’s decision to the Board.
c. Step Three - If an appeal is going to be made to the Board concerning the hearing officer’s decision, the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian must file an appeal in writing with the Superintendent of Schools with five (5) calendar days following receipt of the hearing officer’s written decision.  If a timely appeal is not made, then the decision of the hearing officer regarding suspension shall be final and not subject to further appeal. If the hearing officer’s decision recommends expulsion and a timely appeal is not made, the Board will nevertheless make the final decision on expulsion, but the decision will be based upon information submitted to it by appropriate school officials.  Upon receipt of a timely appeal by the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian, the Superintendent shall notify the student and parent(s) or guardian of the time, place, location, and procedures to be followed at a Board hearing. The Superintendent shall determine, based upon the record and decision of
the hearing officer, whether the student should be suspended pending the decision of the Board.  Upon a timely appeal, the Board shall review the decision and record made before the hearing officer and shall provide for a meeting to take place for the purpose of allowing the administration and the student, parent(s) or guardian to present oral argument why they disagree with the hearing officer’s decision and to present any additional evidence which could not have been presented at the hearing before the hearing officer. The Board, no later than at its next regular public meeting following the meeting with the student, parent(s) or guardian, shall make a decision and shall, not later than seven (7) business days following the public meeting, mail to the student, parent(s) or guardian a written notice of the decision.
3. Voluntary Agreements of Discipline
At any time during the disciplinary proceedings, the Superintendent or his/her designee may enter into a written contract with the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian, setting forth the parties’ agreement and settlement of the matters. In such cases, the written agreement shall be final and binding and may not be later challenged by the Superintendent or his/her designee or the student and/or his/her parent(s) or guardian.
4. Administrative Procedures
The administration shall implement procedures to ensure, to the extent practical, that a student, upon enrollment, has not committed an act of gross misdemeanor, or other misconduct, prior to attending the Clarkston Community Schools, when that gross misdemeanor or misconduct would represent a threat to the health and safety of students and/or employees or threaten disruption to the educational process.
5. Disclosure of Information at the Time of Enrollment
At the time of enrollment, a student, parent(s) or guardian shall not give false or incomplete information, or fail to disclose information, relative to a student’s prior act of gross misdemeanor, or other misconduct. A violation will result in disciplinary proceedings being initiated against the student. A.G. 5500b

VIIII. SCHOOL BUS CONDUCT CODE

The Clarkston Community Schools Transportation Department travels over 575,000 miles per year, transporting an average of 8,000 students to and from school each day! Our bus drivers are the first and last people your children come in contact with every school day, and we want that meeting to be a positive one! The Transportation Department takes great pride in the care of our bus fleet to insure that our students have a safe ride, a secure environment and a positive attitude. Clarkston Community Schools employs over 60 bus drivers who are dedicated to their job and always willing to give assistance to your children, which
is why the following rules are designed so that all passengers may have a safe and enjoyable ride to and from school.
BUS CONDUCT
Parents are to be informed that school bus transportation is a privilege and not a requirement and that the bus driver is the sole authority on the bus while students are being transported. Students are expected to conduct themselves in a proper manner at bus stops. The District may not be involved in disputes involving parents and/or students concerning matters that take place prior to the student boarding the school bus at a bus stop, or after the student has disembarked from the bus at a bus stop on his/her way home. PARENT/CAREGIVER IS RESPONSIBLE TO INFORM STUDENTS OF AN ALTERNATIVE LOCATION TO GO TO IF PARENT / CAREGIVER ARE NOT AT HOME AT TIME OF DROP OFF. PARENTS/ CAREGIVERS MUST BE AVAILABLE FOR STUDENTS ANYTIME AFTER SCHOOL IS DISMISSED.

I. GENERAL INFORMATION:

A. Bus transportation is a privilege - not a requirement.
B. Students must stay seated at all times when the bus is moving. This is a critical safety issue. Violations of this provision will not be tolerated.
C. Students must be at the bus stop five (5) minutes before the scheduled arrival of the bus, be visible to the driver and be ready to board the bus when it arrives. Recommendation, during dark mornings a flashlight will be helpful for your students to see and be seen. If a student is not visible or not seen by the driver the bus will not stop. The driver cannot wait for tardy students.
D. Parents are responsible for student conduct at the bus stop and for student safety to and from the bus stop and their home.
E. Students must stand in an orderly fashion off the traveled roadway away from vehicles while waiting for the bus.
F. Students must wait until the bus has come to a complete stop before getting on or off the bus.
G. Students must follow direction given by the driver. They are responsible for the safety of all passengers.
H. Students must keep all parts of their body inside the bus.
I. Students must report to the driver at once any damage to the bus that is observed.
J. Students must help keep the bus clean, sanitary, and orderly.
K. A bus suspension means you are suspended from all Clarkston School busses operating on normal school routes (may include athletic and field trips at the building administrators discretion).
L. In the event school is canceled for any reason, the bus suspension will be extended the number of days school is out.
M. Students are forbidden to possess any item that is detrimental to the health and safe transportation of passengers and driver.
N. No eating, littering, drinking, spitting, or inappropriate communications is allowed.
O. Students may not bring anything on the bus that cannot be safely and comfortably held on the lap.
P. Students are expected to approach the bus in an orderly fashion.
Q. Student shall cross all streets at least ten (10) feet in front of the school bus and after driver has signaled the student that it is all right to do so. (thumb’s up)
R. The use of cell phones or other PCDS on school buses are to be used at the discretion of the bus driver.
(Bylaws &amp; Policies 5136 Personal Communication Devices)

II. BUS DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE – SHALL BE PROGRESSIVE:

A. On the bus discipline (no written report);
The driver may attempt to achieve cooperation through verbal warnings. (This may include assigned seats, cleaning the bus, etc.)
1st – Written Warning – may be multiple for elementary
2nd – Two school day suspension from transportation
3rd – Five school day suspension from transportation
4th – Ten school day suspension from transportation
5th – Thirty school day suspension from transportation
6th – Suspension from bus for the remainder of the school year
B. Written disciplinary report;
Unusual circumstances may result in more severe discipline.
1. Written warning:
a. If cooperation is not achieved through verbal warning, the driver will complete a written report advising of infraction and consequence.
b. The warning will be turned into the building principal.
c. Both parent and student will be advised of the problem by the principal or designate.
2. No warning will be given for any action that impairs the safety of riders or driver.
3. Suspension of bus riding privilege:
a. A written discipline report will be completed by the driver showing the problem and action to be taken.
b. The driver may use discretion in assigning less than the authorized five (5) day suspension where elementary students are involved. Every attempt will be made to resolve problems involving K-5 grade students without suspension.
c. The student will be informed of the suspension by the school principal or designate.
d. The principal or designate will notify the student’s parent/guardian of the suspension before action is taken.
e. A conference may be requested or required in the solution process.

III. BUS RULES

The following examples of rules are designed so that all passengers may have a safe enjoyable ride to and from school. The driver is authorized to suspend riders from bus privileges through above procedures.
A. A two-day suspension from the bus is authorized if the following rules are not observed. (Repeaters will move to the next disciplinary step.)
1. Do not engage in disturbances that distract the drivers attention.
2. Share seats when requested. (All Clarkston General Ed Buses are rated 77 passenger buses. (3) Students per seat.)
3. Keep voices low - no shouting or whistling.
4. No rough housing;  pushing, hitting, or throwing things.
5. DO NOT OPEN WINDOWS on the bus without the driver's permission. Close the window when asked by the driver.
6. No food may be consumed on the bus.
7. Use of foul or obscene language and/or gestures will not be tolerated.
8. If you must cross the road after getting off the bus, you are to go in front of the bus within the sight of the driver. Wait for a signal (thumb’s up) from the driver to proceed.
9. Throwing objects (snowballs, rocks, etc.) at the bus will not be tolerated.
10. Any action that causes harm to riders or driver.
11. Students getting on and off the bus at a stop other than their designated stop.
B. Five-day suspensions are authorized for the following examples of misconduct: (Repeaters will move to the next disciplinary step.)
1. Changing or getting out of seats while the bus is in motion.
2. Fighting.
3. Chewing tobacco.
4. Smoking, vaping, lighting matches or other flammable items on the bus.
5. Malicious damage to the bus or equipment. Payment for the damage is also required.
6. Foul language, verbal abuse and harassment, or threats to students or the driver.
7. Unauthorized exit from the emergency door or window.
8. Refusing to remain quiet at all railroad crossings.
9. Any threats or disrespect directed at students or the driver.
C. Unusual circumstances involving any of the above examples may result in more severe discipline.

IV. IMPORTANT

Great care and judgment must be used when discharging students prior to their regular stop. From time to time students and parents will request special arrangements for their transportation to and from school. To ensure the safety of your child, the following guidelines will be followed.
PLEASE ADVISE STUDENTS OF AN ALTERNATE LOCATION TO GO IF PARENT OR CAREGIVER IS NOT HOME AT DROP OFF TIME.
A Bus students wishing to get off their regular bus at a stop other than their designated stop must  fill out a “Request for Alternate Bus” form that can be  picked up in the Attendance Office or found on the district website under “Departments.”  This will be strictly enforced for all students
B. Students wishing to get on the bus in the morning at a bus stop other than their designated stop must fill  out a “Request for Alternate Bus” form that can be picked up in the Attendance Office, or found on the district website under “:Departments.” 
C. A student may temporarily ride a bus other than their assigned bus under certain circumstances. Only EMERGENCY CONDITIONS should be considered. A request for overnight and weekend visits or social gatherings are not considered emergencies. A request for a student to reside with a friend while their parents are out of town is acceptable only if space is available on the bus.
D. It is only permissible for students to ride a different bus home for childcare purposes on a five- day-per-week basis. To request to do so on a day-to-day basis is not permissible.
E. A student who usually does not ride a bus must have similar circumstances as stated above before approval will be granted. Students are scheduled on buses to utilize the full capacity of the bus. A change without considering the number already assigned causes unacceptable conditions for students, drivers, and parents. 
F. Students are allowed to ride busses within the boundaries of that schools attendance area only.

X. TECHNOLOGY CODE OF CONDUCT

Clarkston Community Schools provides access to technology, including computers, audio and video equipment, telephones, scanners and the Internet, as a privilege to users who agree to act in a lawful and responsible manner. The purpose of this document is to make you aware of the responsibilities that you are about to assume. If you violate any of these provisions, we may terminate your access and further disciplinary and/or legal action may be taken.
Clarkston Community Schools agrees and complies with the tenets of the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA). The district utilizes an Internet filtering system to protect students from materials that may be considered
offensive or obscene.

As a Technology User at Clarkston Community Schools I agree to the following:
1. The purpose of my technology use at Clarkston Community Schools is for educational purposes under the direction of my teacher(s).
2. I will not create, retrieve, view, transmit or publish - by any means - any vulgarities, threats or obscene or otherwise inappropriate material.
3. I will not use the technology resources of the district for my personal or commercial financial gain.
4. I will not access or attempt to access applications or systems which have been restricted by the administration of the district.
5. I will not use any of the technology systems to violate any laws or rules in the student handbook.
6. I will not violate any copyright laws. This includes sharing, installing, recording or distribution of copyrighted software, audio and video media.
7. I will not install, download or use any software brought in from outside sources.
8. I will not install any unauthorized device on the network or on a computer that is attached to the network. This includes but is not limited to wireless routers, bridges or access points; printers; key-loggers or any device designed to access the network or to circumvent the security of the network.
9. I will not reveal any personal information about others or myself to anyone on the Internet.
10. I will not use anyone else’s ID or password. I will not use a computer that another user is logged in to.
11. I will not share my password with anyone else. I understand that if I share my password and someone else uses it, even without my permission, I will be held responsible for their actions as if they were my own.
12. I will not harm or destroy any hardware, software, or data that belongs to the Clarkston Community Schools and its users. I understand that I may be held financially responsible for damages if I vandalize any of the schools technology systems.
13. I will not use any technology in such a way that it would disrupt the use of technology by others.
14. I will not knowingly attempt to disable, evade or defeat the district’s Internet filtering software. I will abide by the policies and guidelines of the district which concern all aspects of staff or student privacy and Internet safety.
15. I understand that the district has a right to monitor Internet activity and review any files, data or information stored on, scanned or printed using the district’s technology resources and to report misuse to the superintendent or his/her designee.
16. I release the Clarkston Community Schools, it’s sponsors, staff, administration and Board of Education and all organizations, groups and agencies with which Clarkston Community Schools is affiliated for any
and all claims of any nature arising from my use or inability to use the technology resources.
17. I understand that this policy is in effect at all times including: remote or direct access, on or off school premises.
18. Clarkston Community Schools makes no warranties of any kind, whether expressed or implied, for the service it is providing.
Consequences for violation of the Technology Code of Conduct:
First Offense: (HS) Warning will be issued by the referral process. Depending on the seriousness, other disciplinary action may be taken.
Second Offense: Referral to administration and loss of privileges for five days. Depending on the seriousness of offense, other disciplinary action may be taken.

Third Offense: the Student will lose all technology privileges for the remainder of the school year. Depending on the seriousness of the offense, other disciplinary action may be taken. Vandalism/Theft: Malicious destruction or theft of hardware or software will result in immediate termination of tech privileges for the remainder of the school year. Disciplinary and/or legal action will follow and the student and/or parent will be financially responsible for replacement of vandalized or damaged equipment. Use of any information obtained via the Internet is at your own risk. Clarkston Community Schools specifically.